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Jargon Buster

We hope this explanation of abbreviations, acronyms and school terminology will help you.  If you come across other terms which you would like to be added please contact us.


A publicly (DfE) funded, independently run school.


AfL - Assessment for Learning

AfL involves using assessment in the classroom to raise pupils' achievement.  It is based on the idea that pupils will improve most if they understand the aim of their learning, where they are in relation to this aim, and, how they can achieve the aim (or close the gap in their knowledge).


DBS - Disclosure and Barring Service

A government organisation who complete safeguarding checks on all adults working in schools.


Computing - formerly ICT

Refers to all resources and teaching related to Information Technology. Includes the use of devices such as laptops, tablets; digital media; software and so on.


CPD - Continuing Professional Development 

A balance of personal, professional development, attendance at nationally accredited courses, and small-scale school-based activities for teaching and non-teaching staff.


DfE - Department for Education


EAL - English as an Additional Language

Refers to children whose first language(s) is/are not English and who may not yet be speaking English fluently or at all.


ECM - Every Child Matters

There are five outcomes of Every Child Matters. These are: Be Healthy, Stay Safe, Enjoy and Achieve, Make a Positive Contribution and Achieve Economic Well-Being.


ELGs - Early Learning Goals

These set out the learning and development skills most children should have achieved by the end of the school Reception year.


EYFS - Early Years Foundation Stage

A framework of care and education of children from birth to five years of age.  


FHIS - Friends of Highfield Infants' School



FSM - Free School Meals

This applies to children who are able to receive Free School Meals because one of their parents is on a qualifying benefit.  The school receives extra funding (pupil premium funding) to support eligible children in education. Since 2014 all infant school children have been entitled to free school meals under the government policy Universal Infant Free School Meals. To secure Pupil Premium funding for your child please make an application to Bromley Local Authority.


G&T - Gifted and Talented

These pupils are generally referred to as more able pupils.



Members of a school's governing body.  They have a responsibility to raise school standards through the three key roles of setting strategic direction, ensuring accountability and monitoring and evaluating school performance. 


Green for Growth

Terminology used in marking.  School work may be highlighted in green to draw this to the attention of the child.  This indicates to the child that their work can be improved or extended and will be accompanied by next step suggestions.  


ICT - See Computing


IEP - Individual Education Plan

An IEP identifies the special educational needs of a child and outlines targets and strategies to support their learning.  These are completed by the class teacher in consultation with SENco.


KS1 - Key Stage 1

Years 1 & 2, ages 5-7.


KS2 - Key Stage 2

Years 3,4,5 & 6, ages 7-11


LA - Local Authority

The London Borough of Bromley are our Local Authority.


MDS - Midday Supervisor

Members of staff who supervise pupils at lunchtime.


NQT - Newly Qualified Teacher

Teachers who obtain Qualified Teacher Status (QTS) must successfully complete an induction period of three school terms (or equivalent) in order to remain eligible for employment as teacher in maintained schools and non maintained special schools.


OT - Occupational Therapy

Occupational Therapy is the use of purposeful activity and play to help a child attain maximum level of functional performance.


OFSTED - Office for Standards in Education

The body which sets standards and arranges school inspections.


PE - Physical Education

Refers to the teaching of physical education including games, athletics, gymnastics, dance, swimming and outdoor adventurous activity.


PP - Pupil Premium

Additional funding to raise the attainment of disadvantaged pupils.


PPA - Planning, Preparation and Assessment

Teachers are entitled to ten percent of their weekly teaching time out of the classroom.  During this time, teachers will plan future lessons, mark the children's work, undertake small assessment tasks or work alongside colleagues.


PSCHE - Personal, Social, Citizenship and Health Education

Lessons that focus on the personal, social and health education of pupils.


Purple Polishing Time

This is school time allocated for the children to review and improve their work using a purple pen to evidence that feedback has been read and acted upon.


Speech and Language Therapy (SALT)

The SALT is a healthcare profession, the aim of which is to enable young adults and children with speech, language and communication difficulties to reach their maximum communication potential and achieve independence in all aspects of life.


SATs - Statutory Assessment Tests

Assessments of pupils in reading, writing, numeracy and science carried out in Years 2 and 6. This is statutory and pupils results are submitted to the Local Authority.


SIP - School Improvement Plan

A document detailing the targets the School has set itself for the coming year across all areas of teaching and learning.


SEND - Special Educational Needs and Disabilities

Provision to support pupils who experience difficulties with their learning.  In the majority of instances, these are undertaken in school under the guidance of the SENDCo (Special Educational Needs and Disabilities Coordinator). Outside agencies may become involved if the school and/or parents feel it will be of benefit to the child.


SLT - Senior Leadership Team

This consists of the Headteacher, Deputy Headteachers, Reception Year Group Leader and School Business Manager.


SPAG - Spelling, Punctuation and Grammar


Supply Teacher 

Staff who provide cover for teachers to attend courses or in the event of illness.  Where possible the school will try to use regular supply staff who are familiar with the children and school routines.


TA - Teaching Assistant

A member of staff who assists and supports the class teacher in delivering daily lessons. 


Tickled Pink

Terminology used in marking.  School work may be highlighted in pink to bring this to the attention of the child.  This indicates to the child that they have met or exceeded their targets.


UIFSM - Universal Infant Free School Meals

Government initiative where all school lunches are free to Infant school pupils.